Download American Indian Religious Traditions: An Encyclopedia (3 by Suzanne J. Crawford O'Brien PDF

By Suzanne J. Crawford O'Brien

This vast paintings is going past comparable surveys that attention in basic terms on anthropology and historical past and explores the non secular practices, events, associations, key figures, ceremonial structures, and spiritual accoutrements indigenous to North the US, from the precontact period to the current. Taking a deep and knowledgeable glance in particular on the non secular and non secular nature of local americans, the encyclopedia locations traditions inside their historic and theoretical context, studying their relevance inside local non secular lifestyles and perform in addition to in the educational research of religion.

Topics lined contain key principles and matters, spiritual and political leaders, basic ceremonies, mythic figures, and similar cultural topics, corresponding to basketry, whaling, farming, and bison looking, that have spiritual importance for local peoples. participants contain famous students of yank Indian spiritual tradition, together with many that come from tribal traditions and will supply priceless insights and observations from their own experience.

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Religion among the Plains peoples is as diverse as the linguistic traditions represented there, however, there are also some similarities. With the important role that bison play in the lives of these tribal groups, it is no wonder that that animal would be an important spirit being and relative, as well. In addition, the migratory nature of bison, and consequently that of the peoples who rely upon them, support a seasonal and cyclical continues Great Plains (continued) philosophical system wherein the circle is a key element.

Corn has been cultivated by the region’s Native peoples from the Adena (1000 BCE–200 CE) and Hopewell (300–700 CE) periods of prehistory, to the arrival of Europeans to the area in the early 1500s. In fact, the United States owes much of its genesis to the interactions between the first European settlers and the Native peoples of the Northeast. The mound-building Adena and Hopewell cultures contributed a regionally interactive collection of independent nation-states to the Native history of the area, culminating in the Mississippian influence, mostly limited to the southern portion of the area, in which hierarchical societies overseen by religious leaders dominated.

In addition, the migratory nature of bison, and consequently that of the peoples who rely upon them, support a seasonal and cyclical continues Great Plains (continued) philosophical system wherein the circle is a key element. Plains Indian religious culture is often represented by circles, sun-wise directional prayers, and cyclical senses of time and space. Major ceremonies include the Sun Dance, a regular gathering of bands for communal propitiation of the spirit beings, and the more recent religious innovation known as the Ghost Dance, wherein visions and ecstatic dancing propels the tribal culture forward in the face of the difficulties arising from modernity.

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