Download Agricultural Biotechnology in China: Origins and Prospects by Valerie J. Karplus PDF

By Valerie J. Karplus

Over the final thirty years, China has constructed one of many world’s biggest public learn courses in agricultural biotechnology. development on a protracted culture of agricultural advances, chinese language scientists have utilized biotechnology innovations to increase 1000s of novel crop forms suited for neighborhood farming stipulations and demanding situations.

Agricultural Biotechnology in China: Origins and Prospects is a finished exam of the way the origins of biotechnology study agendas, besides the effectiveness of the seed supply approach and biosafety oversight, aid to give an explanation for present styles of crop improvement and adoption in China. in accordance with firsthand insights from China’s laboratories and farms, Valerie Karplus and Dr. Xing Wang Deng discover the consequences of China’s funding for the nation’s rural improvement, environmental footprint, in addition to its international clinical and fiscal competitiveness.

About the Authors

Valerie J. Karplus graduated from Yale college in 2002 with a Bachelor of technological know-how measure in Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry and Political technological know-how. She lived in China for 2 years, the place she researched the advance and impression of agricultural biotechnology in China whereas established on the China Agricultural college (2002-2003) and nationwide Institute of organic Sciences, Beijing (2005-2006). presently she is pursuing graduate research on the Massachusetts Institute of expertise.

Dr. Xing Wang Deng is the Daniel C. Eaton Professor of Plant Biology at Yale collage. His clinical paintings specializes in the molecular and genomic foundation for plant improvement and agricultural biotechnology. He additionally serves because the co-director of the nationwide Institute of organic Sciences, Beijing and the founding director of the Peking-Yale Joint learn heart of Plant Molecular Genetics and Agro-biotechnology. He leads a study crew that has released good over 100 peer-reviewed articles in his zone of research.

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Extra resources for Agricultural Biotechnology in China: Origins and Prospects

Sample text

Some made bogus claims, many of them based on the specious science of Soviet agricultural advisor Trofim Lysenko. News reports lauded the creation of giant vegetables and “red cotton” by cross-breeding cotton and tomato (Becker, 1998). Another campaign to raise agricultural yields called upon citizens to eliminate flies, mosquitos, rats, and sparrows (Economy, 2005). Although many “Lysenkoists” were replaced with accomplished practitioners in the early 1960s, a research tradition that promoted independent scientific inquiry had yet to take root.

This accelerating cycle of expansion shaped China’s agricultural sector over thousands of years, in spite of setbacks due to drought, floods, disease, and war. The living conditions of most farm laborers did not improve substantially, and many were conscripted to construct massive flood control and irrigation projects. Though China’s early advances in agricultural technology allowed for increases in farm output, farming required many hours of intensive labor under harsh conditions, and was fraught with uncertainty and challenges.

Known as the Household Responsibility System (HRS), this arrangement offered long-term leases to farmers for a period of fifteen to thirty years. Farmers were also allowed greater autonomy in their planting decisions (Carter, Zhong, & Cai, 1996). Some farmers had experimented with household-based production incentives prior to the establishment of communes, perhaps one factor that contributed to the rapid adoption of the new system (Huang, 1998). Early measures to improve production incentives included raising procurement prices for some goods, although these measures were not originally intended to foster the emergence of markets (de Brauw, Huang, & Rozelle, 2002).

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